Vitamin k Deficiency can increase risk for Heart Disease

heart disease

This vitamin can reduce your heart disease risk

Heart conditions are deteriorating health to a great extent. Cardiovascular diseases(CVD) are the leading causes of death, according to the World Health Organization(WHO). Approximately 17.7 million people die due to CVDs every year, leading to 31% of deaths. Among these deaths, 85% were because of heart strokes and attacks. Due to ascend of youth facing cardiovascular issues such as heart failure, heart attack, and cardiac arrest, it is crucial to take proper food and precautions to prevent heart disease risk.

However, scientific research portrayed the positive effects of primary nutrients like omega-3 fatty acids. Also, there is less awareness regarding the role of vitamin k in its cardioprotective advantages that can lower the risks.

Let’s delve deep to know about the vitamin k deficiency symptoms and what measures you can take to balance its proportion in your body:

Importance of vitamin k:

As per the study by the National Library of Medicine, Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin in your diet that is accumulated in the body, particularly in the fat and liver tissue. It is a crucial nutrient for blood clotting, healing wounds, and bone health.

In addition, vitamin k is composed of two components such as Vitamin K1, which is also called phylloquinone, and vitamin K2, known as menaquinone. 

Vitamin K1 has its derivation from vegetables, whereas vitamin K2 has its intake from animal products like meats, cheese, and eggs. Both these kinds of vitamin K generate proteins that mitigate the heart disease risk.

Nevertheless, if you have vitamin k deficiency, it can drive to cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and weak bones.

Other than heart disease, vitamin k deficiency diseases are diabetes, chronic kidney, blocked bile duct, cystic fibrosis, and digestive disorders like coeliac disease.

 How can you diagnose vitamin k deficiency disease?

  • If your doctor deduces a lack of vitamin k, then he will recommend you go for a blood test to determine blood clots.
  • After that, you need to obtain an injection of vitamin k, which examines your clotting.

 Does vitamin K eliminate heart disease risk?

The following facts and research studies will give you a glimpse of why you cannot overlook vitamin K.

  • According to a study from New Edith Cowan University (ECU), people who intake vitamin K-rich diets are prone to reduce risk by 34% of atherosclerosis-related cardiovascular disease that causes heart and blood vessel issues.
  • The importance of vitamin k is also evident in Dr. Nicola Bondonno’s author’s study that having more vitamin K protects against atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.
  • Moreover, the National Health Services of Britain advises having one microgram every day of vitamin k for every kilogram of an adult’s body weight.
  • Scientists in the Rotterdam study observed the intake of vitamin K1 and K2 of 4807 Dutch men and women more than 55 years of age for ten years. They discovered that Vitamin K2 lessens the risk of death from heart disease by 57%. It reduced cases of arterial calcification by 52%, coronary heart disease by 41%, severe arterial calcification by 52%, and overall mortality by 36%.

What are the risk aspects for your heart disease?

  • According to the WHO, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, consumption of tobacco, and detrimental use of alcohol are behavioural risk factors for heart stroke and disease.
  • The consequences of behavioural risk factors cause increased blood glucose, blood pressure, blood lipids, blood cholesterol levels, obesity, stress, and overweight.
  • According to the explanation of the international health agency, the risk factors can be gauged in care facilities and imply a high risk of stroke, heart attack, heart failure, and other issues.
  • The World Health Organization suggests that avoiding tobacco, a decrease of salt proportion in the diet, eating more vegetables and fruits, good physical activity, and averting drinking alcohol reduce vitamin k deficiency diseases.

 Causes of heart disease due to deficiency of vitamin K:

  • People who take anti-seizure drugs and antibiotics.
  • Consume a diet that lacks vitamin k.
  • Excess intake of mineral oil.
  • In conditions that stop the body from absorbing fat correctly.
  • Intake coumarin anticoagulants like warfarin, which narrow the blood.
  • A low-fat diet

Vitamin k deficiency symptoms:

There are many vitamin k deficiency symptoms, and extreme bleeding is common.

However, the other symptoms are:

  • Regular bruising.
  • Small blood clots beneath the nails.
  • Dark black stool with blood occasionally.
  • Bleeding in the mucous membranes that line areas in the body.
  • Heavy and tender Menstruation
  • Risks for Gastrointestinal Tract

Best way to fight vitamin k deficiency diseases:

  • The National Health Services suggests having a balanced diet to prevent the causes of heart disease by vitamin k deficiency.
  • Foods like green leafy vegetables, covering kale, spinach, broccoli, lettuce, vegetable oils, fruits such as figs and blueberries, eggs, meat counting chickpeas, liver, soybeans, and green tea are top sources of vitamin K.
  • Also, dairy products such as yogurt, cheese, and butter prevent vitamin k deficiency symptoms.
  • Doctors prescribe vitamin K supplements which help in the reduction of blood clots and enhance bone strength. Do not take them without consulting your doctor, as they can overlap with a few medicines. In addition, you should not intake more than the doctor recommended.


As cardiovascular diseases emerge, it is advisable to have a surplus of vitamin k, which mitigates the heart disease risk. It is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps heal wounds and reduce blood clotting. Take a high-fat-rich diet like leafy vegetables, dairy products, green tea, and meat products that will put off vitamin k deficiency symptoms and bring down the risks of heart disease.

Also Read:- Vitamin A : A Powerhouse Nutrient to Increase in Your Diet



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