Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics

Winter Olympics

Winter Olympic Games are an international multi-sport event held every four years. Winter Olympics only host winter sports in the sports that are played on snow & ice. The first Winter Olympics were held in Chamonix, France, in the year 1924. The Olympic Charter defines the structure & authority of the Olympic Games, and its governing authority is the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee(IOC). 

 HISTORY

Bobsleigh, curling, Ice hockey, Nordic skiing, cross country skiing & skating were the first few games that were played in the Winter Olympics. The games were held every four years from 1924 to 1936 but were interrupted by World War II. The Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics were held in the same year till 1992, after which the IOC took the decision and decided to conduct the games in alternated even years. 

Twelve countries hosted Winter Olympic Games

The Winter Olympic Games have been hosted on three continents by twelve countries. They have been held four times in the United States (1932, 1960, 1980, and 2002), three times in France (1924, 1968, and 1992) and twice each in Austria (1964 and 1976), Canada (1988 and 2010), Japan (1972 and 1998), Italy (1956 and 2006), Norway (1952 and 1994) and Switzerland (1928 and 1948). Also, the Winter Olympic Games have been held just once each in Germany (1936), Yugoslavia (1984), Russia (2014), and South Korea (2018). The IOC has selected Beijing, China, to host the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics and the Italian cities of Milan and Cortina d’Ampezzo to host the 2026 Winter Olympics

As of Beijing winter Olympics 2022, twelve countries have participated in every Winter Olympic Games – Austria, Canada, Finland, France, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. Austria, Canada, Finland, Norway, Sweden, and the United States have won medals at every Winter Olympics. The United States is the only country to win a gold medal at every Winter Olympics. Norway first positions the all-time Olympic Games medal table for the Winter Olympic Games. 

BEIJING WINTER OLYMPICS

The Beijing Olympics 2022 are taking place in Beijing, China, and its adjacent districts, Yanqing District & Chongli District. The International Olympic Committee selected Beijing as the host city in the 128th Kuala Lumpur session in the year 2015. However, there are certain concerns & controversies regarding Beijing 2022, like human rights violations in the China Uyghur genocide, leading to calls for the boycott of the games. Apart from this, the COVID-19 Pandemic strict restrictions have been imposed on public appearance in the game and have led to non-participation of some nations. 

 IMPACT OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON BEIJING 2022

  • The International Olympic Committee has laid down certain protocols for the games. All athletes must remain in the Bio-Bubble and get regular COVID-19 testing. All Athletes are required to stay in quarantine for 21 days. 
  • The National Hockey League Players Association have withdrawn their participation due to the COVID-19 Pandemic.
  • Owing to the rising Omicron variant in China, ticket sales to general spectators have been cancelled. 
  • Many players were unable to travel to China because of the ongoing Pandemic. 

 SPORTS

Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics will include 109 sports events over 15 disciplines in seven sports. There will be seven new medal events, including men’s and women’s big air freestyle, women’s mono bob, mixed team competitions in freestyle skiing aerials, ski jumping, snowboard cross, and the mixed relay in short track speed skating. The following is the list of sporting events that will take place:

  • Alpine Skiing
  • Biathlon
  • Bob Sleigh
  • Cross-country skiing
  • Curling
  • Figure skating
  • Freestyle skiing
  • Ice hockey
  • Luge
  • Nordic Combined
  • Short Track Speed Skating
  • Skeleton 
  • Ski jumping
  • Snowboarding
  • Speed skating

 PARTICIPATING IN NATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEES

  • On 9 December 2019, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) banned Russia from all international sports for four years after the Russian government was found to have tampered with lab data provided to WADA. After reviewing the case on appeal, CAS ruled on 17 December 2020 to cut down the penalty WADA had placed on Russia. Instead of banning Russia from sporting events, the ruling allowed Russia to participate at the Olympics and other international events, but for a period of two years, the team cannot use the Russian name, flag, or anthem and must present themselves as “Neutral Athlete” or “Neutral Team.” The ruling does allow for team uniforms to display “Russia” on the uniform as well as the use of the Russian flag colors within the uniform’s design, although the name should be up to equal predominance as the “Neutral Athlete/Team” designation.
  • On 8 September 2021, the IOC Executive Board suspended the Olympic Committee of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) through at least the end of 2022 for violations of the Olympic Charter over its refusal to send athletes to the 2020 Summer Olympics due to COVID-19-related concerns. North Korean athletes will be allowed to play under the Olympic flag. However, the North Korean Ministry of Sports and the National Olympic Committee said in a letter to the Beijing Winter Olympics Organizing Committee, the Chinese Olympic Committee, and the General Administration of Sport of China on 7 January 2022 that “Due to the “action of hostile forces” and the COVID-19 Pandemic, they will not be able to participate in the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics.

 EMBLEM

The emblem for the Beijing Winter Olympics 2022, “Winter Dream”, was unveiled on 15 December 2017 at the Beijing National Aquatics Center. Designed by Lin Cunzhen, the emblem is a stylized rendition of the Chinese character for winter (冬) as a multi-colored ribbon, reflecting upon the landscapes of the host region. The beginning of the ribbon symbolizes an ice skater, while the end of the ribbon symbolizes a skier. The emblem carries a blue, red, and yellow color scheme: the latter two colors represent the flag of China and “passion, youth, and vitality”.

 MASCOT

Bing Dwen Dwen is the mascot of the 2022 Winter Olympics. 

It was chosen from thousands of Chinese designs in 35 countries globally. 

 Bing means ice in Chinese and is meant to suggest purity and strength. “Dwen Dwen” is meant to suggest robustness, liveliness, and youth. Bing Dwen Dwen’s astronaut-like clothes imply that the Beijing Winter Olympics embrace the latest technologies and create possibilities.

 SLOGAN

The Games’ official slogan, “Together for a Shared Future,” was announced on 17 September 2021; organizers stated that the slogan was intended to reflect “the power of the Games to overcome global challenges as a community”.

The slogan was compared in the media with Xi Jinping’s policy slogan: ‘Building the Common Future of Humanity’. He made use of a similar slogan during his speech at the UN general assembly in September 2015.

The Beijing Winter Olympics 2022 begins from 4th February, with preliminary events starting from 2nd February and will continue till 20th February.

Also Read:  IPL Auction 2022: All You Need to Know

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